Automobile restore: Get monetary savings by repairing the automobile your self: You do not want a workshop for these repairs | publication

Without professional help

A visit to a workshop is often not only a waste of real time, but in most cases it also means a burden on the wallet. In the event that the car has many faults, no professional help is required at all, but they can be easily fixed by yourself. You not only save money, but also learn useful knowledge about car repairs. Although not all repairs can be done on your own, you can eliminate these 6 flaws yourself without visiting the workshop:

1. Polishing

Car paint protects sheet metal from environmental influences, but is repeatedly damaged and stressed over the years. Stone chips cause minor damage, the sun bleaches the paint, bird droppings, insect remains and tree sap attack the top layer of paint. However, regular polishing can help keep the car’s protective coating intact. And even for this work, a professional is not absolutely necessary. If you don’t want to buy a polishing machine for the job, you can polish your car yourself by hand.

2. Change cabin filter

Most car manufacturers recommend changing the cabin filter regularly. Therefore, a new filter should be installed after 15,000 km at the latest. You can easily do this work yourself, because depending on the model, the filter is located either in the hood, in the footprint or, in rare cases, behind the glove compartment. Accordingly, it is usually easy to access even for ordinary people who do not have special tools.

3. Change spaces

One of the easiest fixes is to change the wipers. This does not require an expensive visit to the workshop. As explained by atp-autoteile.de, all you have to do is raise the windshield wiper arms so that they are perpendicular to the windshield. The wiper is then carefully separated from the lever. Now all you have to do is push the new windshield wiper into the holder from the bottom until it clicks into place and then carefully place it on the windshield.

But if you don’t trust yourself doing the right installation, invest money instead to visit a specialist or take part in a car driving course, because detaching windshield wipers can be a major safety hazard in heavy rain situations. In addition, special service locations for the wiper arms must be observed, otherwise damage to the wiper arms or the hood may occur.

4. Oil change

Engine oil is the lifeblood of the engine so it is essential to change the oil regularly. Changing the oil is one of the simplest jobs on a car, and with a little skill and experience, you can do it yourself. According to atp-autoteile.de, the interval varies from 15,000 to 40,000 km, depending on the model. Exact numbers are in the vehicle’s owner’s manual. If you drive a lot on average, 10,000-15,000 km per year, you should change the oil approximately every 1.5-2 years. If you have the right tools, you can easily and inexpensively do this from home. To change the oil, you need a winch with lever mounts, an oil pan for used oil, an oil filter ratchet or wrench, work gloves, a torque wrench, a filler funnel and new engine oil.

However, since an oil change that is not done correctly can be very harmful to the engine and improper disposal of used oil is a huge burden on the environment, ordinary people who do not feel safe changing the oil themselves should consult a specialist.

5. Tire change

You can also change the tire yourself if you follow the correct procedure. As the ADAC explains, you must first have the appropriate tools ready, which include a stationary socket, a wheel socket, a spider wheel, a wire brush, a box for bolts, if you have a wrench to lock the flange and a torque wrench. The next thing to check is that there is no damage to the wheel bolts or nuts and that the bolt connection threads and mating surfaces are clean and rust-free. Tread depth should also be checked, and ADAC recommends four millimeters for winter tires and three millimeters for summer tyres.

The procedure for changing the tires is as follows: after using the handbrake, loosen the wheel nuts / bolts, raise the car, completely unscrew and remove the wheel. Then wear the new wheel with the appropriate season tire, insert the bolts and tighten them slightly. After lowering the car slightly so that the wheel locks, the wheel is tightened with a torque wrench. It is important to check the air pressure afterwards. Auto Bild also recommends checking the tightness of the wheel bolts with a torque wrench after 50 kilometers.

6. Replacing the lamp on the headlight

If the bulb in the headlight burns out, you do not necessarily have to go to the workshop. R+V24 explains how to do this simple repair yourself.

After removing the key to turn off the ignition completely, open the hood and remove the round cap from the headlight. This gives you a clear view of the underside of the lamp base, as you now have to pull the plug from the lamp base. This reveals a wire bracket that holds the lamp base into a socket on both sides and is secured in a fold at the back of the headlight. By pressing the holder down a bit at this point and bending both corners together, you can fold it down. As a result, it can already happen that the light bulb falls out of the socket on its own. Then you remove the faulty light bulb and insert the new halogen bulb. Now all you have to do is hang the metal bracket back on before you put the cable connector on the lamp and close the lamp cover again. R+V24 indicates that care should be taken with H4 bulbs.

finanzen.net editorial office

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